Although, it is found that in households, men consume more energy and resources when it comes to transportation and vehicles, but it is found that women consume more energy and resources when it comes to food, hygiene, household materials, and health needs. This is because women are biologically more susceptible to the different diseases and sicknesses. Although it shows that both men and women have a part in the consuming of energy and resources, it is shown, by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), that women make over 80% of the consumer decisions and are more sustainable consumers, which places women in a higher value on efficient energy compared with men (OECD, 2008), which is why women have a vital role in the mitigation of their own communities. Now, in order to reduce the product ion of greenhouse gas emissions, the people in the community need to reduce in the consumption of household energy, transport, food, and agriculture, and electrical production. Since it is shown that women do in fact have a higher responsibility in the production of greenhouse gasses, women have to also take action into reducing this. Both genders, male and female, must take action. Water scarcity has directly and indirectly led to the increase of water borne diseases. Diseases, such as diarrhea, have become more frequent in the provinces or rural areas in a country.
|Information||Mitigation and Adaption Plan||Financial and Technological Developmental Plan|
|Sector: Health and Water Resources |
Specific Issue: Scarcity of Clean Water in Rural Areas
Context: Women and Climate Change
|The first thing to do is to have an initial overview of the assessment of the area of the community. This would entail research and the participation of the community. In this assessment, the vulnerabilities and the capacities of the community will be identified. So that, the next steps can be clearly planned. Also included here is the formation of a structure for the community to follow in planning and adapting to the rising problem at hand. |
Second is to raise awareness among the people of the community. It is important to be educated when it comes to the availability of natural resources around us, particularly water. In rural areas, it is important to have a partnership with a competent institution so that the community can be well-organized and guided. Within this is the dissemination of information to the public. This will be done in order that the community will be informed of what is happening in the area. Delivery of education programs will be done, which will then give a two-way information flow. Information is given to the public and the public gives feedback about the programs being planned and done in the area.
Third is implementation and reinforcement of the programs being executed. This is where the roles and responsibilities of each member of the community are identified.
For a rural area, here are some examples of mitigation and adaption actions, which can be done: (1) the community should not tap into fossil groundwater resources because this should only be used in times of emergency and calamity; (2) having desalination projects with the use of renewable resources; (3) prevent pollution, treat bodies of water, and possibly reuse water flows; (4) set a cap for the water footprint of each community; (5) have a percentage allocation for each place that water is needed; (6) stimulate a better consumption patterns with lower water usage.
|Technological Development Transporting water from one place to another through pipelines, open canals, and tunnels can improve and develop water carrier system to address the problem of water scarcity. Aquifers will be used to filter and provide clean water for the community, specifically the women. In addition, for agriculture, irrigation system can also be used to grow crops especially in the places that experience water scarcity. Furthermore, well water pump is a technology that provides stable supply of potable water for the community. |
There are countries in Asia that are experiencing scarcity of water. For instance, in Israel they formulated a National Water Carrier that transports water from north to south arid section of the country via pipes. The Carrier is a combination of underground pipelines, open canals, interim reservoirs and tunnels. Through that people, especially women, would no longer have to delay defecation and urination. Also, there is reduction of physical injury from constant lifting and carrying heavy loads of water. Moreover, women will have improved hygiene during child birth as well as during menstruation.
The stated technologies above will be feasible through financial assistance from citizens, through their own businesses and the government’s help, we plan to get the budget from them to make it possible. We propose that for each business, we will be getting two percent of their annual tax, instead of paying an additional tax. This means that a portion of the tax the people are paying will be used to create this technology to sustain clean water resources.